众所周知，菲茨杰拉德是二十世纪美国最重要的小说家之一, 在他的成名作《了不起的盖茨比》中入木三分地描绘了一战后“美国梦”破灭的生动画卷, 对美国社会的堕落、腐败进行了有力地批判。作者在小说《了不起的盖茨比》 中描述了一群不同社会阶层、不同文化教养、性格气质各异的人物, 他们依附别人而活、靠别人的追逐来实现自身价值的共同特质。这种特质决定了这些人物的腐朽寄生的生活方式, 折射出“爵士时代”人们的心理特征。从深层意义上说, 这种描写是整部小说象征主义的一部分, 是他对美国社会精神价值观的严肃思考。英国维多利亚时期代表小说家威廉•梅克比斯•萨克雷最著名的作品《名利场》则描绘了一幅英国浮世绘，在这部没有英雄的小说里，只有名利，权势，金钱，还有为了追逐他们而丧失人性的众生相，小说的语言一贯继承了英国文学的幽默讽刺。小人物的命运被无情的投入到这个残酷及现实的名利场中，用现实主义文学的力度赤裸裸的鞭挞了十九世纪充满污垢的上流社会。
众所周知，菲茨杰拉德是二十世纪美国最重要的小说家之一, 在他的成名作《了不起的盖茨比》中入木三分地描绘了一战后“美国梦”破灭的生动画卷, 对美国社会的堕落、腐败进行了有力地批判。作者在小说《了不起的盖茨比》 中描述了一群不同社会阶层、不同文化教养、性格气质各异的人物, 他们依附别人而活、靠别人的追逐来实现自身价值的共同特质。这种特质决定了这些人物的腐朽寄生的生活方式, 折射出“爵士时代”人们的心理特征。从深层意义上说, 这种描写是整部小说象征主义的一部分, 是他对美国社会精神价值观的严肃思考。英国维多利亚时期代表小说家威廉•梅克比斯•萨克雷最著名的作品《名利场》则描绘了一幅英国浮世绘，在这部没有英雄的小说里，只有名利，权势，金钱，还有为了追逐他们而丧失人性的众生相，小说的语言一贯继承了英国文学的幽默讽刺。小人物的命运被无情的投入到这个残酷及现实的名利场中，用现实主义文学的力度赤裸裸的鞭挞了十九世纪充满污垢的上流社会。【免费论文网，毕业论文范文，英语专业毕业论文范文】；本站为您提供论文撰写，论文指导服务。
As is known, Fitzgerald is one of America's most important novelists of the twentieth century, in his famous "The Great Gatsby", the author penetrating depicts a postwar "American dream" shattered vivid picture of American depravity of society, a powerful critique of corruption. The authors describe a group of different social classes in the novel "The Great Gatsby", the different cultural upbringing, personality temperament of different female characters, men and women with dependent life, chased by a man to achieve the common traits of their own value. This trait determines the decadent lifestyle of these parasitic female characters, reflects the "Jazz Age" female psychological characteristics. From the deep sense, this description is part of the Philippine's symbolism throughout the novel, is his serious thought to the spiritual values of American society.
This paper is divided into four main parts of the analysis. The first part is the introduction. The second part illustrates the analysis this paper discusses the theory is used to support. The third part is a comprehensive analysis of the works, mainly from personality traits were analyzed and the fate of the characters and the background and so on. The fourth part is a summary of the full text.
Abstract in Chinese……………………………..…………………. .....ii
Abstract in English………………………………………………….....iii
1.1 William Makepeace Thackeray and Vanity Fair……………….....1
1.2 Scott Fitzgerald and The Great Gatsby…………………………...2
2. Theoretical Foundation of the Comparative Study…………….….4
2.2 Value System………………………………………………………4
3. Comparative Study on Tragedies of Rebecca and Gatsby………...5
3.1 Natures of Tragedy………………………………………………..
3.1.1 Different attitudes towards fate……………………………..
3.1.2 Different means to seek dreams……………………………..
3.1.3 Different Love Value………………………………………..
3.2 Necessities of Tragedy…………………………………………….
3.2.1 Factor of personality………………………………………..
3.2.2 Factor of the era……………………………………………..
3.2.3 Factor of different creations of authors……………………..
3.3 Origins of Tragedy……………………………………………….
3.3.1 Personal origin……………………………………………..
3.3.2 Social context………………………………………………
3.4 Significances of Tragedy…………………………………………
1.1 William Makepeace Thackeray and Vanity Fair
Works heroine Rebecca graduated from a prestigious girls' school. Rebecca grew by lower social edification, but also highly educated, her personality is distorted in a different living environment than the discrimination she suffered more than education. Her attack on scheming, hypocritical, lying, love the performance, in order to survive by any means. As a poor painter's daughter, she likes the spotlight, were removed from the upper class, a trickster, the pursuit of purpose in life is simply to fill up their desire fame gully. From the beginning of the article, she began to seduce Joseph brain fat head, because he was a colony of tax collectors, there is a lot of money. After the plan failed, she used her young, beautiful Lawton won the hearts and minds of the officers and ran away with it, the gambler is not fancy, but because Lawton is to have a few pounds of property and no children of Miss Crawley pet nephew, I thought I could get steady heritage. Finally sell pretty, win the hearts and minds of the Secretary Lord Dane and his ilk, but also to hunt for wealth and status. Amelia being kind and soft. She put all the youth to George Osborne, in fact, she loves just heart phantom made. George is a reality, there is no truth in the pattern collapse children, married only a few days, they indulged in gambling sensual being, ready to run away secretly with Rebecca. But there are virtuous Dobbin really love her, fifteen years as one day. On the other hand, in front of her doom, submissive, people feel her delicate and charming.
With the ruthless selfishness, hypocrisy greed, ends justify means to describe Rebecca Sharp is not an exaggeration. Rebecca Sharp's callous selfishness is reflected in his son's indifferent, indifferent. There was such a scene description, Lawton playing with his son when he was high toss, accidentally hit his head on the ceiling, knocking badly, his father's words do not cry, or awakened by her mother, the children hard endured did not cry. Seen her callous let his son daunting. Neglecting to drink to call her husband, she does not love her husband, just as the husband of higher maid, when her husband locked up in detention - the outside she is still the same Lord Tolstoy ink pleasure. Rebecca Sharp is hypocritical. Amelia was her best friend and love with the sister who from morning till evening, she still fight card design with Lawton husbands cheat Amelia George's money, and meet pretend dearly, very concerned look, what to say, "Honey, look at God's face, and quickly called him not to gamble, or else he would be finished, he told Lawton fight cards every day, you know he does not have money, if he is not careful, All the money will all be lost to Lawton up. "Rebecca Sharp is not Optional means embodied in from nothing, thanks to gamble, blackmail and to support its decadent beauty parasitic life. After Waterloo war, they "cheat hotelier, took the fake checks to honest bankers who go the money to buy a set of jewelry without paying the carriage, and the traveler is not sensible fight card, make a trap to win their money. "In addition to gambling and fraud, Rebecca also with their own unique beauty, flashing green eyes, beautiful hair, touching voice, playful conversation seduce a group of Playboy and dignitaries, even the generals and across battlefields of De Futon Lord Stein dignitaries such Merry Month veteran down in her arms, became her patron and cash cow. Despite uncle and sister-in-law of hospitality still hooked uncle passed, watch for the sister-in-law met the king under introductions, finished among the high society and buy gorgeous clothes, jewelry purposes. As Sharp on their own Evaluation "I'm not an angel," her mercenary, calculating and ultimately caused a flattering Australia A crowd of disgust, ending bleak.
1.2 Scott Fitzgerald and The Great Gatsby
Fitzgerald describes a group of different social classes in the novel "The Great Gatsby", the different cultural upbringing, character and temperament of different female characters, men and women with dependent life, chased by a man to realize their own value common Qualities. This trait determines the decadent lifestyle of these parasitic female characters, reflects the "Jazz Age" female psychological characteristics. From the deep sense, this description is part of the Philippine's symbolism throughout the novel, is his essence of American society Serious thought God values.【免费论文网，毕业论文范文，英语专业毕业论文范文】；本站为您提供论文撰写，论文指导服务。
Fitzgerald and "The Great Gatsby" Fitzgerald is one of America's most important novelists of the twentieth century, it was he and Hemingway, Faulkner collectively referred to as America's "literary Three Kings." In his famous "The Great Gatsby", the Philippine's penetrating depicts a postwar "American dream" shattered vivid picture of American society depravity, corruption has been a strong criticism. Therefore, the traditional literary criticism he defined as "the poet laureate of the Jazz Age", "twenties chronicler." But from another perspective, the description of the female characters are after Fitzgerald, "The Great Gatsby" and the American dream of a relay distinct theme. You can say that this novel tells the story of "Ungrateful woman infatuated Han" story. "The Great Gatsby" in the female characters, both main characters, or minor roles, are beautiful and dignified appearance and waves Diffuse, but their hearts are so indifferent, no one is moral, positive and memorable characters. They try to protect themselves, but self-indulgence, the blind pursuit of "high-end" life. Selfishness make them completely self-centered, everything made a mess, and then let someone else to clean up the mess they left behind, they build a moral garbage. This fully reveals the author's new women's values was shown by uneasy.
"The Great Gatsby" in the female lead Rebecca, Hang out with critics (Lehan) saying that she was "a beautiful appearance but quite shallow, and simply focus on their own self-preservation of the moral emptiness of a woman." Rebecca a fantastic girl and money to social integration, to become the first representative of substances social evil wind of this process is described by the Philippine's "Jazz Age," a true portrayal of upper-class women's psychological growth process. With the Philippine's apt metaphor, Rebecca was "a plaintive horn was blown rose petals on the dance floor." The story of "dual protagonist" Nick found, always mumbling when Rebecca whispers speak, in order to allow people leaned close to her, and her artificial way of speaking is showing her disingenuous ": I am pleased was paralyzed ...... paralysis out. " She pretended aloof, very secular. Gatsby was born poor, as Rebecca was his "golden girl", was his vain dreams and idealism "target." Everyone knows that he is some kind of goddess worship "beautiful" hazy intentions, this "beautiful" is actually just a vacuum of nothingness. Because when Rebecca pursue only material desires, otherwise she would not go to the army service in Gatsby's, Tom used to be a bunch of $ 300,000 to buy a necklace on her "love." Rebecca and Gatsby breakup is inevitable, is to cater to the "Jazz Age" female values, but also declared the end of Rebecca fantastic era. She chose Tom, cheerful all day immersed in the rhythm, "jazz", the come and go in all kinds of social salon, which is chosen integration with public money. At the moment, she has been an innocent girl into high society indifference, selfishness supremacist material. Five years later, smuggling and other illegal trade by Gatsby made a fortune, began to re-quest Rebecca. At this point Rebecca seems to really be impressed by the performance of Gatsby; the situation seems to really move. But when Rebecca saw piles of Gatsby expensive silk shirt when issued can not help but moan of ecstasy, "about his head buried in the pile of shirts, burst into tears." Rebecca materialism and shallowness simply filling completely. For Rebecca, the feeling is just a "gesture", not the real thing. This can also treat her daughter from her attitude was confirmed on her position in her heart but is a "cute" little doll --- beck and call, marching orders to go, the product of a non-emotional. When Rebecca said his daughter was a dream, in fact, tantamount to declare herself unable to sprout in any kind of genuine feeling. As a name Gatsby Sentence said, Rebecca's voice "full of money." Five years later, Rebecca has shrunk, but Gatsby is still stuck in a dream. It is this contradiction contrast, Rebecca left the fans in a dream one step toward Gatsby "death" they will come out ahead.
2. Theoretical Foundation of the Comparative Study
Work is the development of the times, you can better change peep through the works of that era. But also the development of the changing times mark.. Important and lasting beliefs or ideals shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable. Values have major influence on a person's behavior and attitude and serve as broad guidelines in all situations. Some common business values are fairness, innovation and community involvement.
2.2 Value System
Roman Tacitus famous scholar once said: "To know yourself, you should compare yourself with others." Comparison is the basis of understanding of things, human understanding, and determining the difference between the most common way of thinking of things similarities and differences between relationships. Comparative study has been widely used in various fields of scientific research. In educational research, the comparative study is an important research methods. A comparative study of sociology can help people understand the similarities and differences between various social phenomena, to grasp its essence and regularity. The disadvantage is difficult to accurately define the objective standard units and develop effective comparative analysis of selected samples are often difficult to ensure objectivity and randomness. Therefore, these two masterpieces from different countries, you can better spy on the social reality.
3. Comparative Study on Tragedies of Rebecca and Gatsby
3.1 Nature of Tragedy
3.1.1 Different attitudes towards fate
Annoying daring to challenge the traditional patriarchal society
Rebecca also boldly challenged the prevailing male-centered society. She advocates Miss Pinkerton's and the struggle against patriarchy, denial she made unreasonable demands. Rebecca also not willing to play the role of the family of female teachers, to intervene in economic affairs Peter Baron family and even becomes more competent than the Baron. Her class against oppression, repression against the patriarchal society of women, requiring equal social status with men. Although he was born in the poor house, Rebecca can not choose their own family, but she chose to self-struggle, she has a clear life goals, independent opinion. She not only resistance requirements, but also has the skills to resist; she followed the patriarchal society of the various codes of conduct for women, in her own way against the oppression of society, to pursue their own ideals. It should be said in a revolt against the patriarchal society, she took advantage of the charm of women to get men favored.
Rebecca Sharp broke through to win the beauty and virtue of love, marriage and the status of social rules, her image on the prevailing patriarchal society of rebellion and subversion, her appearance also marked by the subordination of women to rebel male patriarchal society oppression, the pursuit of equality alone change. While some critics argue that Rebecca Sharp in the traditional sense is a conquest society adventuress, selfish cruel, hypocritical treacherous, contemptible. However, objective point of view, as a woman, Rebecca Sharp also hated inequality imposed on her, feminist consciousness has been deep in the heart, her sense of revolt is clear and resolute. Miss Pinkerton that Rebecca's piano playing is good, want to avoid a name music teacher, Rebecca flatly refused, this is her first revolt: "My responsibility is to give children speak French, not They teach music to you to save money. Give me money, I teach. "This is the first time Miss Pinkerton in their schools was contradicting. As early as Pinkerton female at school, "see around her who then lady luck, enjoy all the rights and unspeakable envy", on the "make up his mind to put himself out of the cage," Rebecca perseverance, perseverance, strenuously school, so that they have the necessary time a lady knowledge society. She not only resistance requirements, but also has the skills to resist, she followed Patriarchal society of the various codes of conduct for women; she finds a way to resist oppression of society, to pursue their own ideals. Rebecca Sharp growth experience inspired her sense of independence and self-seeking women. She is not submissive women, did not lament the misery of their own destiny, her courage to face their own humble position, pressed against the patriarchal society, in every turning point in life, she would act decisively, succumb to other people's arrangements. At the time of the patriarchal society, if she refused to become a "home Angel", will be recognized as a spiritual monster. One can imagine the difficulties she encountered. In the process of self-realization, Rebecca encountered a lot of problems and difficulties, but she was, after all, the first step against patriarchal society, but Rebecca's self-awareness has also been developed, which is a major progress. Admittedly Rebecca Sharp is a clear sense of life feminist, she challenges patriarchal society, is a true warrior.
The courage to pursue self-realizationRebecca hand challenged the patriarchal society, unwilling to do the traditional weak women, but also seek to achieve self-worth. If Rebecca when you enter Vanity Fair, able to target clearly positioned as a married aristocrat, a noble lady, she was a curve to show the use of family and non-self independent woman, because this is one among the high society shortcuts. It successfully broke her slave status, over the life of the independent self-esteem, and a place in the lofty upper class, but looking at wealth and social status in the process, because the use of means disgraceful, Rebecca Card in the community's success did not bring her true happiness, but is spiritual emptiness and loneliness. In order to achieve spiritual satisfaction, the end of the novel she has written an economically and politically completely independent woman, she finally succeeded. Touch-appreciated writers also wrote that she not only has several pen property, but "she zealous religious cause, often the church, there is always footman followed behind in the list of all of the great philanthropist, will always be her name bazaar on, she always have taken "We can not help but sigh Rebecca's battle is not worthless, in this sense her knowledge, courage and self-respect, no better than any man is poor, she is a real success person.【免费论文网，毕业论文范文，英语专业毕业论文范文】；本站为您提供论文撰写，论文指导服务。
In summary, Rebecca is "Vanity Fair" in a very honorable role. On Vanity Fair, she bit the bullet and rely on their own strength struggle, cleverly mixing in an adverse environment, for society initiative to attack, and squeeze into high society. From this point of view, she is a winner. Her sense of resistance to a certain extent also reflects the prevailing lower people's pursuit of a better future.
3.1.2 Different means to seek dreams
Rebecca Sharp who created a strong and brave woman image. Rebecca constant pursuit, resist, challenge patriarchal society and is committed to self-realization, to subvert the traditional social positioning of women weak in this novel, Thackeray describes a clever and well-behaved pretty girl - Rebecca. She grew tasted poor taste, are determined to overcome adversity, hard to master their own destiny. She continued pursuit of constant resistance, and unequal struggle patriarchal society, reflecting its traditional image of women passive and weak challenges and subversion.
To subvert the traditional image of the first women weak, poor and lowly Rebecca humble origin, she grew to taste the hardships of life, and by the negative influence of his father. But she was not happy at the bottom of the society, said child poverty over a lifetime. She realized, placed in front of her only two roads, one way is to passively accept the fate of the poor arrangements continue to live life day to be enslaved. The other way is not letting fate, to resist, to become a woman dare to resist. Although no money and no influence, but in order to replace his father to assume responsibility for their families in difficult life in Rebecca still able to stand up to the harsh reality, the courage to fight, she is not afraid of failure, but also from satisfied, she always is optimistic down a goal. She Perseverance eventually grow into a strong-willed woman. In Pinkerton school when the principal let her teach piano students in lower grades, she said: "My responsibility is to teach children to say the text, not to teach them music to give you money, give me money, I teach." Can see that she does not mean weak, because she knew from his birth on the doomed her life on the road is difficult and tortuous, like a man who only use their smart wit as to make a living career in the community in order to enter the upper class society had a gentleman's life. To this end we saw Rebecca trying to make powerful people's children a Piece of the screen.
To identify for themselves the course of her husband, Rebecca still active and savvy than men. In terms of selecting a husband because she was enjoying relatively full freedom, autonomy and room for her choice is greater. In every pursuit, Rebecca did not passively wait, but take a proactive approach. In Amelia house guest when Rebecca on "made up his mind to rein in the hypertrophy of Playboy." Failed, but the initial failure did not let Rebecca caught grief and unable to extricate themselves. She is a realist, knowing indulge sad to no avail. To the left is then possible to obtain Nissan eyeing her nephew, Miss Crawley Rodent, but then inherit property dreams completely shattered. However, Rebecca did not give up his dream to chase. Brussels during her deal in a variety of social situations. After the Battle of Waterloo, the use of impact George aunt, Rebecca got into Paris high society. Back in England, Rebecca's brother and sister-in-law to rely on Rodent’s introductions, the palace met with the king. High society has finally become a shining star, reached the apex of her brilliant life. Such a move for the social woman, it is difficult to imagine. It can be said that Rebecca was brave and strong and subvert the image of women and the weak, Rebecca changed the traditional role of the family division of the husband and wife who are family dominated state in a subordinate position. At the time of the British, should not the marriage is in some way based on love, women in the family is almost in slavery, but slavery Rebecca broke, living independent lives of self-esteem, family affairs decision-makers, and she put her husband into a submissive wife gradually domesticated servant, on the contrary, his wife has become a master. Although Rebecca is not a traditional good mother, but her husband, Lawton charged with the responsibility of looking after his son. But Rebecca ordeal, even at the expense of maternal love, with their modest win a seat to the social equality of the land.
3.1.3 Different love value
Gatsby's life is full of dreams, he dreams of a beautiful love. In his life, he devoted all their energy to realize this dream. Gatsby Rebecca Buchanan considered the ideal incarnation of beauty and love and tirelessly to pursue, and to pay at the end his young life. So some people commented that Gatsby is an amazing feeling kind of a person for their own ideals and love to give their lives, indeed heroic, but it is for a Gatsby illusory worthless. Pay a lifetime of energy, which is worth pondering it Gatsby is to achieve self-illusion and meet a tall, vulgar flirtatious beauty child and costly effort in vain, and even made a pointless sacrifice. In the novel, Gatsby's ideal is the only possession of Rebecca, in the strict sense that he is trying to lose the golden girl Rebecca redeemed with money again. But Rebecca is a no feelings, to live a carefree day rich girl debauchery and dissipation of luxury living. Gatsby's called love is just wishful thinking, and their love is almost impossible, because Rebecca in the text itself is like a ball illusory, Rebecca hesitant, also shows Rebecca would not really fall in love with anyone, she loves only money, as Gatsby said the same in her voice full of money. Finally, after Rebecca hit his car, Gatsby admitted that his own car and are willing to bear all the responsibility, however, he did not know at this time is Rebecca and Tom discuss how the matter to put the blame on him. Therefore, he called ideals and love is built entirely illusory fantasy which, imagine this kind of love and ideals worth it Say we do not understand the ways of the world can only Gatsby, but do not understand (in fact, he knows Rebecca essentially It is this person Rebecca for themselves from legal sanctions, and did not hesitate to betray their so-called love. Therefore we can say Gatsby is an illusion to pay for their own lives, can not be a man of reason over emotion, there is really no big deal. Gatsby is just an illusion of love captured little of it, and there is nothing remarkable attractions. In addition, Gatsby's life can also be regarded as too poor to only money.
3.2 Necessities of Tragedy
3.2.1 Factor of personality
Mainly due to Rebecca humble lowly birth, she grew to taste the hardships of life, and by the negative influence of his father. But she was not happy at the bottom of the society, said child poverty over a lifetime. She realized, placed in front of her only two roads, one way is to passively accept the fate of the poor arrangements continue to live life day to be enslaved. The other way is not letting fate, to resist, becoming a woman dare to resist. Although no money and no influence, but in order to replace his father to assume responsibility for their families in difficult life in Rebecca still able to stand up to the harsh reality, the courage to fight, she is not afraid of failure, but also from satisfied, she always is optimistic down a goal. She Perseverance eventually grow into a strong-willed woman. In Pinkerton school when the principal let her teach piano students in lower grades, she said: "My responsibility is to teach children to say the text, not to teach them music to give you money, give me money, I teach." Can see that she does not mean weak, because she knew from his birth on the doomed her life on the road is difficult and tortuous, like a man who only use their smart wit as to make a living career in the community in order to enter the upper class society had a gentleman's life. To this end we saw Rebecca trying to make powerful people's children a Piece of the screen.
3.2.2 Factor of the era
The 19th century after the British industrial revolution, the whole community in the event of a sharp transition period. In the second half of the nineteenth century British society divided by wealth trends in social class has been formed, money has become the main criteria to measure people. In such a money power, moral decay, those in power, mercenary class society, humble, helpless Chabot how to be respected by others, and how to achieve their objectives pursued by it Girls school in Pinkerton, Rebecca is not worse than the top of the girls on looks and intelligence, but humble person should be deprived of life peers, respected and loved, her young mind began to fluctuate, begin to resist emotions, she hated those snobbish, aware of the different between people is due to money and status decision. She is determined to unequal class society and this duel about it, to become a respectable upper people. Her revolt in the girls' school on Blair: she had defied several principals Miss Pinkerton's no reason for her exploitation. This is Rebecca's challenge to the authority, resistance to class oppression, but also that she was ready to greater courage entered the tyrannical hegemony of class society, relying on their own strength to win social acceptance for her. Rebecca ambitious after leaving school into a community, live in Vanity Fair, conform to the trend, subtly sinister deal in complex environment, continue to resist social oppression and bondage. She also versatile in their wisdom gradually won recognition for her high society, Rebecca also use them to gradually realize the dream of his life, though she used dishonorable means to achieve their goals, but we can not deny her struggle and spirit. Moreover, Rebecca is also not entirely be pretty attractive, smart and fun, strong character, courage and knowledge, hard all her charm. Who met this woman does not like it Does she have to be a reason for her advantage by criticizing it Furthermore, a dirty forced her to use some means of social disgrace, her deception but also to the intrigues of the society live. Society does not give her a chance and no right to condemn her. From Rebecca's body, we see that this is all kinds of oppression and struggle against deception, is to expose and challenge the power of dignitaries, an aggressive fighting spirit.【免费论文网，毕业论文范文，英语专业毕业论文范文】；本站为您提供论文撰写，论文指导服务。
3.2.3 Factor of different creations of authors
"Vanity Fair" is a great English writer and humorist realism Thackeray's masterpiece. The main heroine describes discrimination in the society, then use various tricks to lure even hue, to curry favor with the powerful wealthy, unscrupulous climb. This character is not evil, nor good, but very humane, is entirely a product of the times. Biting satire works dealing conscience and honor various evils "Vanity Fair" in and good at using deep psychological description and vivid detail to portray the character outline is a masterpiece of realism. Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, a small merchant family. His ancestors had lavishly wealthy parents, this generation has passed consist in decline. In 1913, aided by relatives, he went to the eastern United States famous aristocratic institutions of higher learning - Princeton University. But his mood studies, often absent failed the exam, almost all energy on social activities. He managed among the school's literary group, invited to participate in the most famous club, get rid of the accent grind mouthful standard "Advanced" in English, and subtly tried to erase the differences between life experiences. 1915 Princeton in the nation's touring troupe comedy he wrote the "evil eye", he was banned because of performance reasons accompanying performances. If regardless of origin and academic, Fitzgerald smart, handsome, talented. Eighteen years old, he met Kim at the ball, beautiful daughter of a wealthy. They at first sight, but Ji Neiva clearly understood, born poor lover and they are hard to come together. August 1916 Fitzgerald last time Ji Neiva home, her father clearly told him: poor boy never expect to marry the wealthy daughter. This sentence end to this relationship, but also his heart marked a humiliating mark. Spring of 1917, the United States announced to participate in a war, but also along the crowd Fitzgerald joined the army, but he has not come in and be the battlefield, a war is over. July 1918, Fitzgerald in Montgomery, Alabama, country dance met Zelda. Eighteen years old, she is the brightest star in the party, the same origin extraordinary. As the Alabama Supreme Court Justice's daughter, proficient in ballet, French, poetry, together with spoiled her family's breeding exceptionally proud and rebellious. She learned early on smoking, drinking, dancing all night long, with many men deal with flirting. But Fitzgerald's view, "I like her courage, honesty and fiery self-esteem." Fitzgerald launched flurry of pursuit, Zelda finally agreed to his proposal, but open a condition: if he can make money on the habit to let his abundant life, the two married. The end of 1918, Fitzgerald retired from the army went straight to New York, but he found only a little-known advertising agency in writing ad work. In June 1919, losing patience Zelda terminate the marriage. The early years of various experiences, resulting in a lifetime Fitzgerald particularly sensitive word for money. "The Great Gatsby" heroine, Rebecca, is a mixture of the two heroines in love, "her voice was full of money."
3.3 Origins of Tragedy
3.3.1 Personal origin
Thackeray details of life because of the keen observation, nuanced depiction, was known as the most gifted novelist (Vanity times Vain) is his masterpiece, but also one of his most important social novel. Miss novel based on the early nineteenth century British upper class lively, which depicts the many kinds of characters. Among the most vivid, the most vivid and most have a typical sense of when to push securities firms and the poor painter's daughter Amelia and Rebecca two women image. They are similar age, are women from leaving the school began to embark on the journey of life. On the surface, they are men's favorite object, Amelia beautiful and pure, Rebecca lively and well-behaved. Although there is a great difference in their encounter later, but in general their life is tragic life. Amelia tragedy reflected in her George Osborne stubborn love. Shakespeare as vice gentleman "in a line:." True love can not be expressed in words, the best description of behavior is faithful "Amelia about love, marriage, family attitude as this the best footnote dictum. But she can not say whether in love, marriage or family is happy.
3.3.2 Social context
As mentioned above, as the total is well known in the 19th century after the British industrial revolution, the whole community in the event of a sharp transition period. In the second half of the nineteenth century British society divided by wealth trends in social class has been formed, money has become the main criteria to measure people. In such a money power, moral decay, those in power, mercenary class society, humble, helpless Chabot how to be respected by others, and how to achieve their objectives pursued by it Girls school in Pinkerton, Rebecca is not worse than the top of the girls on looks and intelligence, but humble person should be deprived of life peers, respected and loved, her young mind began to fluctuate, begin to resist emotions, she hated those snobbish, aware of the different between people is due to money and status decision. She is determined to unequal class society and this duel about it, to become a respectable upper people. Therefore, under the influence of industrial civilization, the characters began to work mad pursuit of money, which is brought about by the Industrial Revolution during the normal expression of social transformation.
3.4 Significances of Tragedy
Social life and the background is a mirror of literature. Characters, character relations literature, the relevant price concepts, are living in the writer works reflect society. "Vanity Fair" in the background is a splendid Victorian England. The whole community in the event of a sharp transition. People's ideas hair quietly changing. Only through these literary works to shape the characters, you can better peep the entire amount of British society during the Industrial Revolution.【免费论文网，毕业论文范文，英语专业毕业论文范文】；本站为您提供论文撰写，论文指导服务。 4 Conclusion
In summary, we know that the social life and the background is a mirror of literature. Characters, character relations literature, the relevant price concepts, are living in the writer works reflect society. Works by shaping, lively beautiful Rebecca Sharp did not recognize her in the past, people of her poverty, loneliness and pity her; then for her splendid society and envy her, love her until get to the bottom of the day. Surface enthusiasm and gorgeous coat, can not hide the ugly soul! Gorgeous and fame for the moment, she paid the price for her husband's estranged son's regret and abandonment and indifference. Thackeray on the blinded woman is very vivid description of his heroine for the series fame exposition, no negate subjective description: greed, hypocrisy mixed with optimism and independence; A Tan adulation and fame in the penetration of the clever diplomatic skills and talents; hint of vanity in another super-aesthetic. She educated, eager to live the high society, she felt she could not matter from which side is more foolish than these people, her intelligence and beauty are much higher than those fine people, devoting her scheming society to accept her request , so that all men adore her, a man standing in the adulation, the vanity was a great satisfaction. Her capability to mediate in the middle of those men, decent and gorgeous costumes, humorous and witty words, others have eclipsed other women. Of course, fame and fortune, of course rectifiable, but that is not the whole of life, people, if excessive pursuit of fame and fortune, fame will become the biggest temptation heart, who thus became lost self. Rebecca Sharp although clever, but can not get rid of human evil, tricks, the final outcome is not satisfactory. This is also where human misdemeanors it.
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